The lungs are the two organs located beneath the rib cage that provide life-sustaining oxygen throughout the body. They are neither symmetrical nor functionally identical, with the left lung consisting of two lobes and the right three. Lung cancer begins when cells of a lung become abnormal and begin growing out of control. When the abnormal cancer cells grow, they can form into a tumor and even spread to other areas of the body (metastasize).
Lung cancer is designated by two types: Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) and Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). Both are named for the kinds of cells found in the cancer and how the cells appear when viewed under a microscope. The cancer cells of each type grow and spread in different ways. Read more about the specific types of lung cancer.
If there is a suspicion that you may have lung cancer, your doctor will order tests to look for cancerous cells and make a lung cancer diagnosis. There are a variety of tests that can be used to diagnose either Non-Small Cell or Small Cell Lung Cancer; your doctor may recommend one (or more) of the following tests:
- Sputum Cytology
- Imaging Tests
Treatment for lung cancer will vary by the type and stage of lung cancer someone is diagnosed with. There are two types of lung cancers: small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer; however, common treatment options for both types include:
Compass Oncology is united with US Oncology Research in the development in new and novel cancer treatment therapies. At any given time, we have more than 70 active cancer clinical trials going on in the Portland, OR and Vancouver, WA areas. Search for a lung cancer clinical trial that may be ideal for your type of lung cancer.
A person’s cancer journey extends beyond a diagnosis and treatment. Many cancer survivors know that they need lots of support during cancer treatment, but once treatment ends it can be hard to transition to a new way of life. A survivor needs to adjust to new feelings, new problems, and different ways of looking at the world; this is why we’ve compiled a list of Lung Cancer Survivorship Resources in one convenient place.
From Our Blog: More Information About Lung Cancer
Visit the National Cancer Institute where this information and more can be found about Lung Cancer or ask your Compass Oncology cancer care team questions about your individual situation.