Prostate Cancer Signs and Symptoms
Prostate cancer is the most common types of cancer among men. Quite often prostate cancer is slow growing and doesn’t tend to cause any symptoms until it’s at a more advanced stage. However, there are some types of prostate cancer that grow aggressively and can spread quickly causing a sudden onset of symptoms.
Some common signs and symptoms you need to be aware of may include:
- Pain or burning while urinating
- Frequent or urgent need to urinate, especially at night
- Difficulty starting urination and/or straining to empty bladder
- Weak, dribbling, or interrupted flow of urine
- Blood in the urine or in semen
- Recent trouble getting an erection (erectile dysfunction or ED)
- Painful ejaculation
- Discomfort when sitting (caused by an enlarged prostate)
- Pain or pressure in the lower back, hips, testicles, rectum or pelvis
While most of these problems can be the result of something other than prostate cancer. For example, urination issues could be related to Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH), which is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate. Additionally, ED issues could be related to factors such as smoking, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or simply getting older.
If you’re experiencing symptoms it’s important to have them checked out by a doctor, even if they turn out to something other than cancer. Also, don’t avoid your regular prostate screening exam typically included in a physical after age 40.
Doing this can help your doctor diagnose prostate cancer and direct you for treatment, if needed, with more positive outcomes. Even if you aren’t experiencing symptoms, you may want to consult with your doctor about prostate cancer screening. The American Cancer Society recommends that you start discussing prostate cancer screenings with your doctor around the age of 40, but when you begin being screened for prostate cancer will depend on your family history, medical history, and risk factors. Together, you can decide what would be best for you.